The National Panchayati Raj Day is observed on 24 April in India yearly. On at the present time, Prime Minister Narendra Modi addressed village Panchayats throughout the nation to mark the National Panchayati Raj Day.
- On at the present time, the Constitution of India acknowledged Panchayats as ‘Institutions of self-government’. It marks the passing of the Constitution (73rd Amendment) Act, 1992 with impact from 24 April 1993.
- As per the modification, the states are empowered to hold out steps to arrange village panchayats. The states can present them with the mandatory powers and authority essential to facilitate them to operate as items of self-government.
What is Constitution (73rd Amendment) Act, 1992?
- The Constitution (73rd Amendment) Act, 1992 got here into power with impact from 24 April 1993. The Act vested “Constitutional status” on Panchayati Raj establishments.
- The 73rd Amendment added the “Part IX” titled “The Panchayats” to the Constitution of India. It covers provisions from Article 243 to 243(O). Also, a brand new XI Schedule that covers 29 topics inside the features of the Panchayats was added. It carried out Article 40 of Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) which says that the State shall take steps to arrange village panchayats and endow them with such powers and authority. It is essential to allow them to operate as items of self-government.
National Panchayati Raj Day was celebrated for the primary time in 2010. The enactment of the 73rd Amendment Act helped within the decentralization of political energy to the grassroots degree. The act additionally led to the institutionalization of Panchayati Raj by the village, Intermediate and District degree Panchayats.