India celebrates its 71st Republic Day – Key Highlights

Republic Day 2020: India celebrated its 71st Republic Day on January 26, 2020. This 12 months’s Republic Day was distinctive for India in many various methods as in comparison with the earlier years. At the Republic Day Parade 2020, India showcased its power, variety and pleasure.

Starting from the navy may that was displayed by way of indigenously developed artillery gun system ‘Dhanush‘ or with first lady parade adjutant for the Republic Day with Captain Tania Shergill main the parade; there have been many ‘firsts’ that marked India’s 71st Republic Day Celebrations. 

Here is the whole protection of the Republic Day Parade together with key highlights and distinctive occasions. Get to know all of the fascinating details and figures about India’s Republic Day 2020 celebrations right here. 

Guest of Honour / Chief Guest

Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro was the chief visitor at India’s 71st Republic Day Parade on January 26.  The President is on a 4-day state go to to India from January 24-27, 2020. Bolsonaro is accompanied by a big contingent together with eight ministers, Four MPs and officers together with a big enterprise delegation.

Bolsonaro is the third Brazilian President to be invited as Chief Guest for India’s Republic Day Parade. Before him, India hosted President Fernando Henrique Cardoso in 1996 and President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva  in 2004, as chief company for the Republic Day Parade. 

Modi at National War Memorial

Among the various first, Prime Minister Narendra Modi payed homage to the fallen troopers on January 26, 2020 on the National War Memorial. This 12 months, for the primary time, the wreath laying ceremony was held on the newly constructed National War Memorial as a substitute of Amar Jawan Jyoti beneath the India Gate arch. The National War Memorial has been constructed within the India Gate Complex behind the cover and was inaugurated in February 2019 by PM Modi. PM Modi was joined by newly appointed Chief of Defence Staff Gen Bipin Rawat together with the Tri-Services chief. 

Chief of Defence Staff at Republic Day Parade

At the 71st Republic Parade, for the primary time, newly appointed Chief of Defence Staff Gen Bipin Rawat attended the Republic Day parade. General Rawat welcomed PM Modi for the Wreath Laying Ceremony on the National War Memorial together with the service chiefs for all of the three armed forces i.e. Army, Navy and Air Force. They have been additionally joined by Defence Minister Rajnath Singh, Minister of State for Defence Shripad Yesso Naik and Defence Secretary Ajay Kumar.

Tania Shergill to guide All-Male Contingent

Captain Tanya Shergil, a fourth era Army Officer led an all-male marching contingent of the Indian Army Corps of Signals. The motto of the Corps is “Teevra Chaukas”.

Tania’s achievement builds upon final 12 months’s women-power show at Republic Day Parade when Captain Bhavna Kasturi grew to become the primary lady officer to guide an all-men contingent. At final 12 months’s Republic Day Parade, girls officers from all three forces i.e. Army, Navy and Air Force additionally marched collectively as a part of an all-women contingent.

CRPF’s All Women Biker Squad

Continuing the theme of girls energy, the day additionally noticed an all-woman biker contingent of the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) make its debut as part of the 71st Republic Day Parade. The contingent was commanded by Inspector Seema Nag, who’s posted with the Rapid Action Force (RAF). A 65-member staff consisting of girls bikers exhibited its acrobatic expertise on bikes as part of the CRPF contingent. An all-women biker squad additionally carried out 9 daring acts on bikes together with forming a human pyramid on a number of bikes. 

Dhanush Artillery Gun

Another key spotlight of the 71st Republic Day Parade was inclusion of the Dhanush artillery gun for the primary time. The Dhanush Artillery Guns are being produced by Ordnance Factory Board beneath the flagship mission of Make in India’. Dhanush is an indigenous long-range artillery developed in-house by OFB. The gun fires 155 mm x 45mm calibre on the strains of Bofors, however has higher charge of fireside with energetic strike vary of 38 kilometers. 81% of the elements are developed or sourced indigenously. Apart from Dhanush, the parade additionally noticed K9 Vajra, one other indigenous gun system inducted within the Indian Army, displayed at Rajpath.

Rafale, Tejas at Republic Day Parade

The Indian Air Force (IAF) additionally participated within the Republic Day Parade with its tableau showcasing scaled system of the five-fighter system. The fashions on show throughout Parade included Rafale Fighter Jet and Tejas Aircraft. Apart from this, the fly-past, which is the spotlight of the parade, noticed the participation of the newly inducted Apache and Chinook heavy carry helicopters for the primary time. The Republic Day Fly Past consisted of 41 aircrafts of the IAF together with 16 fighter jets, 10 transport aircrafts and 4 Helicopters of the Army Aviation Wing. 

Anti-Satellite Weapons System (ASAT)

India additionally showcased its state-of-the-art, Anti-Satellite (ASAT) weapon system as part of the parade. Last 12 months, India efficiently carried out an ASAT Test utilizing an interceptor missile towards a dwell orbiting satellite tv for pc within the Low Earth Orbit in March.

List of Participants / Tableaux for Republic Day

The Republic Day Parade 2020 included a complete of 22 tableaux together with 16 from varied states and union territories and remaining 6 from varied ministries, departments and the National Disaster Response Force

The tableaux offered as a part of the Republic Day Parade showcase India’s power in its ‘Unity in Diversity’. These displays are designed by respective states and offered as an affidavit of India’s various cultural heritage and historical past. Some of the important thing tableaux and their themes that can be a  a part of India’s 71st Republic Day are as follows:

Gujarat – Rani ki Vav – Jal Mandir

Gujarat offered a tableau based mostly on the distinctive theme of Rani ki Vav – Jal Mandir situated in Patan metropolis. The Jal Mandir which interprets to Queen”s Stepwell, is a novel architectural marvel that stands as testimony to historical development work and craftsmanship. Built in 1083 by Rani Udayamati in reminiscence of her husband King Bhimdev-I, son of Mulraj, founding father of the Solanki dynasty; Rani Ki Vav additionally holds the excellence of being a UNESCO World Heritage Site. 

Meghalaya – Living Root Bridge

Meghalaya offered a tableau centred on the reproduction of Umshiang double decker residing root bridge. A vacationer attraction and pure marvel, the Living Root Bridge is situated Nongriat in Cherrapunji. The bridge shows the pure craftsmanship of Khansi and Jaintia folks of Meghalaya, who constructed residing root bridge utilizing from secondary roots of timber. Meghalaya’s Republic Day presentation may even spotlight cultural heritage of Khasi, Jaitia and Garo tribes.

Punjab – 550th Birth Anniversary of Guru Nanak Dev

Punjab’s tableau for Republic Day parade was based mostly on the theme of Sikhism founder Guru Nanak Dev’s teachings of three rules — Kirat Karo, Naam Japo and Vand Chhako; which roughly translate to “earn livelihood by sincere means, chant title of God and share fruits of labour’. The tableau presentation will showcase the ideology of Guru Nanak Ji and can be a part of the yearlong celebrations  of his 550th delivery anniversary. 

Rajasthan – Jaali Jharokha

The Republic Day tableau of Rajasthan was based mostly on the theme of Jaali Jharokha, by way of which the state will showcase glory of heritage of buildings and websites of Jaipur metropolis. The presentation highlighted the grand gateways, vibrant markets, superb buildings in addition to Tripolia Gate and Statue Circle which can be key landmarks of Jaipur. 

Jammu & Kashmir – ‘Back to Village

Jammu and Kashmir, for the primary time, participated within the Republic Day Parade as a Union Territory. The state’s tableau was based mostly on theme of ”Back to Village” programme, which was launched by the federal government to rehabilitate the displaced Kashmiri Pandits. 

NDRF – Disaster Relief Technology

The National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) participated within the Republic Day for the primary time this 12 months. The NDRF’s tableau was based mostly on showcasing cutting-edge know-how and devices utilized by the drive to hold out daring rescue operations in flood-hit and catastrophe hit areas. Last 12 months’s Delhi’s Anaj Mandi hearth and NDRF’s efforts to include it can even be exhibited as part of the presentation. 

Ministry of Finance – Financial Inclusion

Another spotlight that was showcased as part of the Republic Day Parade was the Finance Ministry’s tableau that was based mostly on the theme of monetary inclusion. The tableau offered India’s efforts to realize monetary inclusion, which have been acknowledged and counseled by World Bank. As per the World Bank Data, on account of India’s monetary inclusion efforts, 55 p.c of recent accounts opened on the planet are from India. 

Ministry of Commerce – Startup India

The Ministry of Commerce and Industries additionally offered its tableau based mostly on the theme of ‘Startups: Reach for the Sky’. The Startup India tableau was based mostly on the lifecycle of a start-up whereas showcasing totally different levels of its improvement. The tableau consisted of a inventive thoughts show on the entrance, Startup India Tree and finish with highlights of various sorts of assist given by the federal government to spice up start-up ecosystem in India. 

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